BACKGROUND: On June 17TH 1936, Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler was appointed to the newly created position of Chef der Deutschen Polizei im Reichsministerium des Innern, (Chief of the German Police in the National Ministry of the Interior), effectively giving him full control of all police agencies within Germany. As a result of this appointment and the restructuring of all the separate German state police into a single national police force new regulations were instituted on June 25TH 1936 to bring about uniformity in dress for all police through-out the country although it wasn’t until April 1ST 1937 that it was fully implemented. Visor caps were a standard item for all Polizei personnel with the Dress, Walking -Out, Undress and the Parade dress uniforms as ordered. Officer’s ranks of Polizei Meister to Polizei Oberst were distinguished from NCO ranks by the addition of silver chin cords on their visor caps while NCO’s utilized blackened leather chinstraps. Regulations of November 1937 also extended wear of the silver/aluminum chin cords to NCO Officer Candidates. Shortly after Adolf Hitler and the NSDAP, Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei, (National Socialist German Worker’s Party) ascended to the leadership of Germany, the police, as with almost all civic organizations, incorporated the new style national eagle and swastika on their insignia. The first pattern police insignia to utilize the new style national eagle and swastika was introduced on April 23RD 1934. On June 25TH 1936 a slightly modified second pattern police eagle and swastika were introduced to replace the first pattern. Both patterns of insignia were worn on the visor cap. The Weimar Reichswehr era oval black, red and gold cockade was replaced with a circular cockade in black, white, and red on March 14TH 1933 and was adopted by the Police in April of that year and was utilized through-out the Third Reich period. The Police were divided into eight assorted branches of service with each branch having a distinguishing truppenfarbe, (Branch of Service Color), that was displayed on the uniforms including the piping on the visor caps. Personnel serving with the Feuerschutzpolizei, (Fire Protection Police), were allocated carmine truppenfarbe. Police Officers holding the rank of Polizei-Leutnant to Generaloberst der Polizei were responsible for purchasing their own uniforms and headgear and could purchase them through the SS-Kleiderkasse, (Clothing Account), system which was originally established in Munich in 1935. The Officers were allotted a one time clothing allowance from the government with the amount varying depending on the individuals rank. The ranks of Polizei Unterwachtmeister to Polizei-Obermeister were issued their uniforms although they could also choose to purchase privately tailored garments of higher quality although the price may have been restrictive. Of Note: The German Police had no enlisted ranks with the lowest rank being an Unterwachtmeister which was equivalent to the German army rank of Unteroffizier. This Officer’s type of cap would have been worn by the ranks of Polizei Meister, (Leutnant), to the rank of Polizei Oberst serving with the Feuerschutzpolizei.

PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: Nice quality, private purchase, Feuerschutzpolizei Officer’s visor cap features a deep, navy blue, wool body, a black velvet centerband and Feuerschutzpolizei carmine wool truppenfarbe, piping to the crown edge and both the top and bottom edges of the centerband. The front center of the cap has a three piece, national tri-color cockade consisting of a stamped, black, fluted, alloy base, a silver washed, alloy roundel and an inset red fabric central dot. The front center of the centerband has a stamped, one piece, natural aluminum, second pattern, (circa June 1936-May 1945), police eagle encompassed by a vertically oval, oak-leaf wreath with the eagle’s wings extending beyond the wreath. The cap has an interwoven, twisted silver/aluminum chin cord, secured by two, small, silver washed, pebbled magnetic sheet metal buttons. The cap has an extended, forward, black lacquered, vulcanfibre visor with a subtly raised lip to the forward edge. The interior of the cap is fully lined with light green rayon. The crown lining has a clear celluloid sweat diamond fully intact. Maker marked to Erel. The interior of the cap also has its original wide leather sweatband. Very nice large size, roughly a 60. Nice cap.

GRADE ****1/4                             PRICE $850.00 (Or Best Offer)

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