BACKGROUND: In March 1919 Benito Mussolini established the, Fascio di Combattimento, (Union of Combatants), political party in Milan and fascism was born in Italy. Shortly afterwards the FdC adopted the black shirts that the anarchist laborers of the Romagna region of Italy had worn previously. Mussolini was first elected as a member of the Chamber of Deputies in the general election of 1921. In a fortunate set of circumstances, due to a general strike, economic chaos and a dissatisfied populace, Mussolini was able to depose Premier Luigi Facta and was appointed as Premier by King Victor Emmanuel III following the infamous "March on Rome", on October 28TH 1922. Now with Mussoliniís Partito Nazionale Fascita, (National Fascist Party), firmly in control the black shirts were to become ubiquitous through-out Italy. A decree of February 1ST 1923 reorganized the fascist militia and introduced a new designation, MVSN, Milizia Volontaria Sicurezza Nazionale, (Volunteer National Security Militia). The high command of the MVSN was the CGFM, Console Generale Fascita Milizia, (General Consul of the Fascist Militia), and was supreme authority concerning all MVSN matters. Personnel serving with the CGFM were distinctive identifying uniforms and insignia. One of the distinctive Italian uniforms items was the "Colbacco" style Fez worn for parade and semi-formal and formal dress. The Fezís for EM/NCOís were constructed in wool while Officers ranks Fezís were constructed in fine black fur.

PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: A black wool constructed cap that features all around side panels with vertically ribbed black rayon trim to the top edges which encompass the central oval crown. To the top of the Fez is a multi-strand black artificial silk tassel which was intended to hang over the right side of the cap. The front center of the cap features a hand embroidered cap badge features the "bundle of sticks", axe, sword and shield with "F.G.C." to the bottom perimeter of the shield. bullion fasces. Various insignia has been added by the veteran who brought this item back. The cap is unlined (silk/rayon liner is missing) with a leather sweatband and original paper sizing tag that is still present, size 7 1/4. The sweatband shows light to moderate wear with tearing and appears dry. The seam to the back coming apart. The vertically ribbed black rayon trim is showing wear.

GRADE ****                             PRICE $1,195.00

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