C002590 FINANCE OFFICE GUARDS "Garda di Finanza" M34 OFFICER'S VISOR CAP.

BACKGROUND: In March 1919 Benito Mussolini established the, Fascio di Combattimento, (Union of Combatants), political party in Milan and fascism was born in Italy. Shortly afterwards the FdC adopted the black shirts that the anarchist laborers of the Romagna region of Italy had worn previously. Mussolini was first elected as a member of the Chamber of Deputies in the general election of 1921. In a fortunate set of circumstances, due to a general strike, economic chaos and a dissatisfied populace, Mussolini was able to depose Premier Luigi Facta and was appointed as Premier by King Victor Emmanuel III following the infamous "March on Rome", on October 28TH 1922. Now with Mussoliniís Partito Nazionale Fascita, (National Fascist Party), firmly in control the black shirts were to become ubiquitous through-out Italy. A decree of February 1ST 1923 reorganized the fascist militia and introduced a new designation, MVSN, Milizia Volontaria Sicurezza Nazionale, (Volunteer National Security Militia). On July 25TH 1943 the Grand Council and King Victor Emmanuel accepted Mussoliniís "resignation", and had him imprisoned which resulted in the Italians conceding to unconditional surrender on September 8TH 1943 bringing an end to Mussoliniís fascist rule. The Fascist Grand Council was the supreme constitutional authority in Italy from 1922 until Mussoliniís arrest in September 1943. The Italian army had originally adopted a grey-green uniform in 1909 which remained in use until it underwent modifications in 1925. The 1925 uniform underwent further modifications in 1933 and again in 1935 and remained basically unchanged through-out WWII.

PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: WW2 Italian Model í34 Officer Visor Peaked Cap. First Lieutenant in a Guardia Finanza unit. Gray-Green wool blend body with black leather chinstrap and visor. Interior is in very nice condition and complete with leather sweatband and silk liner. Roughly a size 56/57. Some sort of modern inventory tag/sticker on the bottom of the visor. Very nice example.

GRADE ****1/4                             PRICE $238.00

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