BACKGROUND: German Naval uniforms and headgear were based on traditional designs that date back to the creation of the Prussian Navy in 1848, and although uniforms and headgear did evolve during the interim years many items used during the Third Reich would still have been quite recognizable to the Imperial sailor. The Kriegsmarine clothing regulations differed from the army and Luftwaffe in that enlisted personnel did not wear visor caps although all ranks from senior NCO’s upward did and regulations dictated the form of dress they were to be worn with based on the individuals rank. Officer and certain senior NCO ranks were responsible for purchasing their own caps and as a result were allotted a clothing allowance through the Kriegsmarine Kliederkasse, (Clothing Account), system. The Officers and senior NCO’s could choose to purchase their caps directly from the armed forces clothing depots or to privately purchase visor caps of higher quality. Originally the Reichsmarine era visor caps were worn until a new slightly modified version was introduced in 1933. Kriegsmarine officer’s visor cap also differed from their counterparts in the army and Luftwaffe in that they did not utilize the twisted chincords to denote rank as they proved impractical for actual usage and the leather chinstraps were worn instead. As a result of the use of the leather chinstraps there was no way to determine Officer’s from NCO’s until regulations of May 13TH 1936 introduced new identifying visor trim for officers ranks to distinguish them from the NCO’s. The new visor trim came in three different patterns with one pattern for Company Grade Officers, one for Field Grade Officers and the third for Flag Officers. Of Note: Kriegsmarine Administrative officials visor caps were distinguished from other Kriegsmarine personnel’s visor caps by the use of silver insignia and the twisted chincords.

PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: Nice quality, private purchase, dark navy blue doeskin wool construction cap with a black, horizontally ribbed mohair centerband and a issue (BAW, Bekleidungs Amt Wilhelmshaven marked) white cotton removable top. The front center of the cap has a fire gilted, stamped alloy, national eagle with out-stretched wings. Two small holes are in the eagle wings and it is neatly hand tacked to the top by thread. The front center of the centerband has a hand embroidered oak-leaf wreath in golden yellow celleon threads encompassing a national tri-color cockade with an inserted red felt centerpiece. The cap has a black patent leather chinstrap with two sliding, leather length adjustment loops and a snap retainer all intact. The chinstrap is secured to the cap by two, small, fire gilted, magnetic sheet metal buttons. The chinstrap retaining buttons have a horizontally ribbed background field with an embossed fouled anchor and a simulated twisted rope outer edge. The cap has a blackened leather forward visor with the standard simulated leather trim. Cap is fully lined in white rayon and a nice Keil makers label. Celluloid sweat shield shows the typical age cracking but is all complete. The interior of the cap has a wide grey leather sweatband fully intact. The sweatband is still quite soft and pliable. The cap is roughly size 56. 

GRADE ****1/4                             PRICE $2,380.00

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