H049888 IRON CROSS 2ND CLASS ISSUE ENVELOPE. (Umschlag aus EKII)

BACKGROUND: On March 10TH 1813, Prussian King Friedrich Wilhelm III established the Iron Cross as a temporary award for bestowal during times of war. Originally the Iron Cross was introduced in three grades with a Grand Cross intended for award to Senior Commanders for successfully leading troops in combat and the First and Second classes for award to all ranks for bravery or merit in action. The Iron Cross’s were reinstituted by King Wilhelm I on July 19TH 1870 for award during the Franco-Prussian War and again on August 5TH 1914, by King Wilhelm II for award during WWI. On September 1ST 1939 Hitler once more re-instituted the Iron Cross series of awards in the First and Second Classes and established the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross. The second class medal was for award to personnel who performed a single act of bravery in combat.

PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: Medium weight, light blue paper issue envelope with black printed script to front, "Eisernes Kreuz 2.Klasse 1939" (Iron Cross 2ND Class 1939). Triangular top fold over flap inserts into a horizontal slash on envelope reverse. Maker marked to "Carl Forster & Graff".

GRADE ****1/4                             PRICE $89.00

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