H041290 EM/NCO'S SURCOAT. (Übermantel)
BACKGROUND: The Greatcoat was an essential uniform item worn by all ranks, with minor variations, and followed the basic design of the Imperial German army’s greatcoat. During WWII the German army utilized at least thirteen different styles of greatcoats with numerous variations and intended purposes. The standard issue greatcoat produced during the Weimar Reichsheer era utilized a field-grey collar that was altered to a blue/green badge cloth collar circa 1935. During the war the standard issue greatcoat underwent a few minor modifications. The early production greatcoats came with button holes on both the left and right front closure panels which allowed the coat to be button up either left or right handedly but regulations of December 1ST 1939 abolished all but one of the button holes on the right side of the closure panel. Early production greatcoats also came with small metal hooks positioned at both sides of the bottom front closure panels, and additional small metal hooks positioned at both sides of the reverse tail skirt vent with corresponding thread loops situated at the side seams just below the waistline. The metal hooks and thread loops allowed the wearer to hook the tail skirt up out of the way when mounted or on the march. Regulations of 1940 abolished these metal hooks and thread loops and also reverted the collar back to a field-grey fabric. Of Note: Both of the above regulations were not strictly adhered to. On November 12TH 1934 the German army introduced the fully lined, heavy, Übermantel, (Surcoat/Overcoat), designed specifically for personnel on stationary service such as vehicle drivers, guards and sentries. The surcoat was designed large enough to fit over the standard greatcoat as required in extremely cold conditions. Officers and certain senior NCO ranks were responsible for purchasing their own uniforms and as a result were allotted a clothing allowance through the army’s Kleiderkasse, (Clothing Account), system. The Officers and certain senior NCO’s could choose to purchase their uniforms from the armed forces clothing depots or to privately purchase garments of higher quality. Although enlisted personnel were issued their uniforms from government supplies they were also permitted to purchase privately tailored uniforms although the price may have been restrictive. Of Note: The winter garments including the greatcoats and surcoats were a standard issue item and were distributed to all EM/NCO’s for the winter season, (September 15TH to April 15TH), with other winter garments and were to be returned to the units storage depot at the end of the season for reissue the following year.
PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: Heavy, field-grey wool/rayon blend construction, full length, double breasted style surcoat features dual, vertical, parallel, rows of six, front closure buttons with corresponding button eyelets on the left front panel, a single button eyelet on the right front panel and a single metal hook and eye positioned at the forward neckline. The left interior of the coat has a horizontal extended, field-grey wool tab with a single button designed for the single button eyelet on the right front closure panel. The surcoat has two, vertical slash, lower, front breast pockets and an additional two, horizontal slash, hip pockets with straight edged flaps. The surcoat has no breast eagle as per regulations. Fully lined heavy wool. All original buttons. Original should strap loops and buttons also present. The surcoat is roughly size 40" chest.
GRADE **** PRICE $800.00
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